Afghan Security Forces need urgent reforms, say agencies
In Chicago, NATO must agree to commitments to ensure all Afghan forces can uphold law and order for Afghan men and women and children.
Twenty leading international and Afghan NGOs today called on NATO and the Afghan government to agree to commitments to ensure Afghan National Security Forces are able to protect civilians and are held accountable if they commit abuses or violate international law. The agencies also warn of a possible rise in crime and insecurity in the country if there are no jobs for up to 120,000 troops due to be demobilized post 2014.
The organizations, including Oxfam, Human Rights Watch, the Norwegian Refugee Council, CIVIC, Christian Aid and the Research Institute for Women, Peace and Security Afghanistan, made the call as NATO states prepare for a summit in Chicago on 20-21 May to discuss their future role in Afghanistan. They said that despite some positive efforts by NATO to improve the quality of Afghan security forces, more action and safeguards were needed.
“Over the past decade the lives of millions of Afghan men, women and children have improved: 2.7 million girls go to school, women sit in parliament, Afghans can vote and there is better access health services. But these improvements are continually threatened by insecurity and weak rule of law. There are consistent reports of abuse by poorly trained and unaccountable Afghan security personnel. NATO governments have an obligation to ensure that the security forces they've helped create, fund, arm and train do not commit abuses and can serve all Afghans. Security forces that are poorly trained, unaccountable and unable to uphold law and order are bad for Afghans and bad for peace and security in the region” said Anjo van Toorn, Oxfam’s Regional Manager for South Asia.
The agencies also warned that proposals to slash the size of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) post-2014 could result in up to 120,000 men with weapons’ training left unemployed throughout the country, risking even further the safety of Afghans.
The NGOs called on NATO and the Afghan Government to:
- Ensure that all civilian casualties and allegations of abuse by Afghan security forces are effectively tracked and investigated by the Afghan government, and prosecuted where appropriate. This requires an effective civilian casualty tracking unit to monitor casualties attributed to the ANSF and help reduce the number of Afghan’s harmed, as well as a complaints review body for all ANSF, which is well-publicised, easily accessible, transparent and independent.
- Ensure there is a fully-funded demobilization plan in place before any major Afghan troop cuts to address the high risk of increased crime and conflict.
- Accelerate the recruitment of female security personnel, especially in the police, to ensure the security services are more accessible and responsive to women and girls.
- Allocate additional resources to ensure improved ANSF vetting and expanded training on human rights, rule of law and women's rights
“In Chicago, NATO must heed what is at stake for Afghans. Efforts to improve the conduct and accountability of the Afghan security forces must be urgently accelerated and women are critical to this. The evidence is clear that women and girls are especially vulnerable to violence and insecurity: their voices must be heard and be part of the solution for a sustainable peace and prosperity’’ says Wazhma Frogh, Executive Director of Research Institute for Women, Peace and Security.
Oxfam's humanitarian response to the crisis in Afghanistan
Oxfam at the 2012 G8 Summit
Notes to Editors
A briefing paper to member NATO states (pdf 133kb) was issued by the following organizations:
British and Irish Agencies Afghanistan Group (BAAG); Cooperation Center for Afghanistan (CCA); Christian Aid; Campaign for Innocent Victims in Conflict (CIVIC); European Network of NGOs in Afghanistan (ENNA); Gender Action for Peace and Security (GAPS); Human Rights Research and Advocacy Consortium (HRRAC); Human Rights Watch (HRW); medica mondiale; Medica Afghanistan; Norwegian Afghanistan Committee (NAC); Norwegian Project Office / Rural Rehabilitation Association for Afghanistan (NPO / RRA); Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC); Open Society Foundations (OSF); Oxfam; Peace, Training and Research Organization (PTRO); Research Institute for Women Peace & Security – Afghanistan; Swedish Committee for Afghanistan (SCA); The Liaison Office (TLO): Women for Women International UK