International writers and artists warn global land rush is hurting the poorest
Kristin Davis, Gael Garcia Bernal and Angelique Kidjo join call on World Bank to freeze land deals
International writers and artists including Paul Theroux, Kamila Shamsie, Henning Mankell and Aminatta Forna, singers Angelique Kidjo and Baaba Maal, The Thick of It star Peter Capaldi, Mexican actor Gael Garcia Bernal and 'Sex and the City' actress Kristin Davis, have joined Oxfam’s campaign to stop ‘land grabs’ in developing countries. They are calling on the World Bank to lead the way by temporarily freezing its land deals to allow time for tighter controls to be put into place to ensure poor people don't lose out.
The past decade has witnessed an unprecedented scramble by foreign investors to buy land in developing countries – with an area the size of London changing hands every six days. However, weak regulation has failed to protect the rights and needs of the people living on the land who are often evicted, sometimes violently, without consultation or compensation. As a result, ‘land grabs’ are leaving vulnerable people homeless and destitute, without land to grow food to eat and make a living.
Angelique Kidjo, Global Ambassador for Oxfam, said: "It's crucial that this issue is tackled. Land investment should benefit local communities, not leave people homeless and hungry."
Land sold off in the last decade could feed 1 billion
An area eight times the size of the UK was sold off globally in the last decade. This land could feed a billion people, equivalent to the number of people who go to bed hungry every night. In an open letter to the World Bank, writers and artists from across the globe say:
“We know about the gold rush and the oil rush. Now we have a modern land rush: a hidden scandal of the 21st century that we must stop. In Africa, an area the size of Kenya has been acquired for agriculture by foreign investors in a decade. In Liberia, 30 per cent of the country has been swallowed up by land deals in just five years. With food prices rising sharply again, a new wave of land grabs could be unleashed as investors seek to make a profit. Protections are needed. Fast.”
Rising food prices, increased demand for land to grow food, and the push to meet damaging bio-fuels targets which divert crops from food into fuel are some of the factors driving the rush for land.
World Bank must freeze large scale land investments
Oxfam is calling on the World Bank to help prevent land grabs by temporarily freezing its large scale land investments. The World Bank has a remit to tackle global poverty and is in a unique position to lead the way in stopping land grabs, as both an investor in land and an adviser to developing countries. Putting a stop to its investments in the short term will give the World Bank time to put its own house in order, set standards for investors and introduce more robust policies to help stop land grabs.
People wishing to support the campaign can sign up to Oxfam’s petition at www.oxfam.org/landgrabs
Take action: Sign the petition to the president of the World Bank
Take part: Join Oxfam's GROW campaign
Take a look: Oxfam Global Ambassadors
Notes to Editors
The open letter reads:
In the past decade, an unprecedented scramble by foreign investors for land in developing countries has seen an area the size of London change hands every six days. But scandalously weak regulation has failed to ensure this is done properly, leaving poor communities at risk of having their land grabbed.
Land is crucial for poor people to grow food to eat, make a living and work themselves out of poverty. But, from Guatemala to Ghana, land grabs have stripped people of their homes and the land they rely on for their survival, often violently. The lack of compensation means that many face an unbearable struggle to piece their lives back together.
We know about the gold rush and the oil rush. Now we have a modern land rush: a hidden scandal of the 21st century that we must stop. In Africa, an area the size of Kenya has been acquired for agriculture by foreign investors in a decade. In Liberia, 30 per cent of the country has been swallowed up by land deals in just five years. With food prices rising sharply again, a new wave of land grabs could be unleashed as investors seek to make a profit. Protections are needed. Fast.
The World Bank is an adviser on land deals and an investor in land. It also has a remit to tackle global poverty. In this influential position, we as Oxfam Ambassadors and supporters are calling on it to help prevent land grabs by temporarily freezing its own land investments. This would provide time to improve standards and set an example for others to follow.
The World Bank can make a difference, and so can we by demanding that it acts now.
The full list of signatories to the open letter to the World Bank:
- Aminatta Forna, UK/Sierra Leone writer
- Angelique Kidjo, Benin singer
- Anjum Anand, UK food writer and TV chef
- Baaba Maal, Senegal singer
- Hari Kunzru, UK writer and journalist
- Gael Garcia Bernal, Mexico actor
- Henning Mankell, Sweden writer
- Kamila Shamsie, Pakistan writer
- Kristin Davis, US actress
- Livia Firth, Italy activist
- Paul Theroux, US writer
- Peter Capaldi UK actor
- Rahul Bose, India actor
- Robin Ince, UK comedian
- Rokia Traore, Mali singer
- Tim Butcher, UK writer and journalist
- William Boyd, UK/Ghana writer