Disasters escalating four-fold as climate change hits poor hardest, says Oxfam
Natural disasters have quadrupled over the last two decades, from an average of 120 a year in the early 1980s to as many as 500 today, says international agency Oxfam in a new report, "Climate Alarm," today. The increase in these extreme climatic events is in line with climate models developed by the international scientific community.
The number of people affected by all disasters has risen from an average of 174 million a year between 1985 and 1994 to 254 million a year between 1995 and 2004. Earlier this year the Asian floods alone affected 248 million people.
There has been a six-fold increase in floods since 1980. The number of floods and wind-storms has risen from 60 in 1980 to 240 last year. Meanwhile the number of geothermal events, such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, has stayed relatively static.
"This year we have seen floods in South Asia, across the breadth of Africa and in Mexico that have affected more than 250 million people. This is no freak year. It follows a pattern of more frequent, more erratic, more unpredictable and more extreme weather events that are affecting more people,” said Jeremy Hobbs, Oxfam International Executive Director. “Action is needed now to prepare for more disasters otherwise humanitarian assistance will be overwhelmed and recent advances in human development will go into reverse."
Though the colossal crises such as the African famines of the early 1980s, the Bangladesh cyclone of 1991 and the Asian tsunami cause an enormous loss of life, the new worrying trend is the increase in small to medium-sized disasters. The death toll caused by these disasters has risen from an average of 6,000 in 1980 to 14,000 in 2005.
One short disaster after another, even if relatively small, can push poor people and communities into a downward spiral from which is difficult to recover. To make matters worse, rich countries tend to prioritize their aid spending into the more high-profile emergencies and to those countries that are seen as in line with their foreign policy priorities.
Some countries are particularly prone to weather-related disasters. In August 2007 Vietnam’s central provinces were hit by Typhoon Pabuk which caused extensive flooding and in October the same area was hit by landslides and floods in another typhoon.
Vietnam is also likely to be hardest hit of all by rising sea levels according to World Bank research. Meanwhile drought there is also becoming more common. New Oxfam research in Ninh Thuan province shows how, during droughts, women suffer most, having to walk long distances to fetch water in extreme temperatures.
For poor people who are dependent upon the land, according to the report, even a slight change in the climate can have a long term impact on their livelihoods. A woman farmer from Tajikistan, Umeda Ddinaeva, told Oxfam: “Locusts attacked our fields and our entire crop has disappeared. I have noticed that when the temperature is above 34 degrees, when it is much hotter than usual, there is more chance that locusts will come.”
To deal with the symptoms of weather related disasters, Oxfam is calling on rich country governments and the UN to make humanitarian aid faster, fairer and more flexible and to improve ways to prepare for and reduce the risk of disasters.
Oxfam says that rising green house gas emissions are causing climate change which is triggering an increase in weather-related disasters and must be tackled. Oxfam is calling on governments meeting at the UN Conference on Climate Change in Bali next month to agree a mandate to negotiate a global deal that will provide assistance to developing countries to cope with the impacts of climate change and to reduce green house gas emissions, with rich countries moving first and fastest since they are most responsible for climate change.
For more information, please contact:
Ian Bray, Senior Press Officer, Oxfam
+44 (0)1865 472289
+44 (0)7721 461339
So what did @G8 leaders deliver for the 1 in 8 people going to bed hungry each night? Here's our reaction: http://t.co/Ki8ZNWtSuy3 hours 5 min ago
RT @DFID_UK: David Cameron announces additional £175m for #Syria crisis to provide immediate humanitarian assistance http://t.co/dfDvdX2IDb…4 hours 3 min ago
5 hours 6 min ago
Poor people will be left behind in the race for #tax reform unless the #G8 seriously ups its game http://t.co/eddj3Qfeq4 #taxhavens5 hours 31 min ago
#G8 has asked all the right questions but has been thin on answers http://t.co/ACRH7YyBpV #landgrabs #taxhavens #SyriaPeaceTalks5 hours 56 min ago
Just hrs before the #G8 ends. Lend your voice before its over: demand that leaders close #TaxHavens, #StopLandGrabs & bring peace to #Syria.6 hours 46 min ago
#G8 on land: 'transactions should be transparent, respecting the property rights of local communities.' http://t.co/naak6xQBto6 hours 56 min ago
7 hours 33 min ago
PIC: @G8 leaders take to the golf course. Will they score a hole in one & end hunger on their last day together? #G8 http://t.co/HYUrK0bAHe8 hours 24 min ago
9 hours 5 min ago
RT @TomvanderLee: Geneva conference on #Syria more likely to take place in August than July, sources say to @Reuters9 hours 17 min ago
RT @oxfamgbpress: Listen NOW: @ShelaghFogarty live with @Oxfam from #Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan http://t.co/awmgroaiZZ on @bbc5live #Sy…9 hours 24 min ago
9 hours 28 min ago
With just 90 mins to talk #tax, the #G8 are teeing up for tax & land @G8 http://t.co/7x523hXZcf @EmmaSeery on #3Ts #transparency10 hours 30 min ago
Dear @G8: 1.2 bn people are living in extreme poverty. Act now to redress this inequality & ensure everyone has enough to eat! #G811 hours 10 min ago