Pakistan 2012 Monsoon Floods

A prolonged disaster

Publié le : 1 Mars 2013
Shaheen Chugtai. Published by: Pakistan Humanitarian Forum, National Humanitarian Network, and 54 agencies including Oxfam

Pakistan is one of the world’s most hazard-prone countries, with each humanitarian crisis costing lives and money and deepening the alarming levels of poverty and malnutrition. Pakistan’s 2012 flood emergency left hundreds of thousands of people needing help to meet their basic needs, including clean water, food, shelter, health and medical services, sanitation facilities, and cash to buy other essentials.

This joint-agency briefing shows how, although most flood-affected people returned to their communities after floodwaters finally receded, many of them found their homes damaged or destroyed. Many farming families missed the winter sowing season because of prolonged flooding, depriving them of their usual food and income sources. The agencies call on donors to back the Pakistani authorities to build on recent progress and accelerate efforts to prepare the country more effectively for future disasters, taking climate change into account.

For Pakistani authorities:

  • Ensure people still requiring humanitarian assistance are able to meet their basic needs, especially food, clean water, sanitation, healthcare, shelter, education, and physical safety, with special attention to women, children, the elderly and people with disabilities.
  • Rapidly implement early recovery plans to ensure flood survivors can quickly resume farming and other livelihoods and minimize their dependence on aid or debt.
  • Accelerate efforts to strengthen Pakistan’s disaster management institutions at all levels, with adequate budgets and greater efforts to prepare communities for and strengthen their resilience to the impact of hazards.
  • Implement policies and plans for ensuring risk reduction is incorporated systematically in all development programs.

For international donors:

  • Sustain support for essential relief efforts and early recovery activities aimed at restoring livelihoods, including in the revised MHOP.
  • Systematically integrate disaster risk reduction (DRR) principles in all development projects where appropriate, and commit 10 percent of humanitarian and development funding to support DRR measures.


Ikhtiar, community health volunteer. Credit: Jane Beesley/Oxfam
Pakistan: Returning home after the floods

While many people remain in camps others, as the floodwater recedes, are going home. For some this process has been enabled and sped up with appropriate and timely support. In a village in Khairpur a group of women reveal what helped them return home.

Pakistan: Disasters are inevitable, but devastation is not
Pakistan: Disasters are inevitable, but devastation is not

Disasters do not have lead to devastation, and today Oxfam called on the Government of Pakistan and the international community to invest in measures that reduces and manages the risk of disasters at district and community levels.

A family wades through flood waters, Nowshera, Pakistan. REUTERS/Adrees Latif
Pakistan floods

Over 2010 and 2011 Pakistan was hit by its worst natural disaster – an estimated 18 million people have been affected by the floods. Oxfam has now reached 2.4 million people with humanitarian aid, including clean water, sanitation and hygiene facilities, tents and cash-for-work programs.