A desperate and largely unknown humanitarian crisis is deteriorating in the Lake Chad Basin region of West Africa, forcing millions of people to flee their homes and leaving millions more in need of humanitarian assistance. Oxfam is providing life-saving support but help is urgently needed to prevent the crisis turning into a catastrophe.
A European tax on financial transactions would be fair, practical and popular and could raise as much as €210 billion to tackle poverty and climate change, according to a new report by international agency Oxfam.
With Greece apparently on the verge of a second bailout which will benefit its creditors, including big French and German banks, Oxfam says that an EU financial transaction tax (FTT) would ensure banks repay their debt to society. European finance ministers meeting today and heads of state meeting on Thursday (June 23) have a real opportunity to make progress.
Oxfam’s new briefing paper, The Robin Hood Tax: the Time is Now, published today shows that an EU-wide FTT of about 0.05% on bond, share, currency and derivatives would raise €210 billion annually. Globally it would raise $400 billion (€283 billion).
Many countries already support an FTT
Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg and Spain are among the countries which already support an FTT. Europe should seize a crucial chance to take a first step now – ahead of November’s G20 summit in France where agreement at a European level, could then be extended to other willing countries.
The EU should first introduce a narrower tax on bond and share transactions. Oxfam calculates this would raise €18 billion in France, Germany and Spain alone. The UK already has a tax of 0.5 per cent on shares which raises €4.25 billion.
Jeremy Hobbs, Oxfam International Executive Director, said: “This is the biggest opportunity to ease the financial burden on poor countries since debt relief. Europe has a chance to lead the world in making the financial crisis a turning point in the fight against poverty and climate change.
“Hedge funds, banks and other financial institutions enjoy multi-billion pound profits and bonuses – yet we all suffer when things go wrong, particularly the poorest. It is time the financial sector paid its fair share to society.”
Evidence from a range of sources
The paper presents evidence from a range of respected sources, including the International Monetary Fund, showing that an FTT would fall on the richest in society. The taxes are not only technically feasible but already exist in many countries including the UK and South Korea.
The FTT is backed by Nobel Prize-winning economists Paul Krugman and Joseph Stiglitz and leading financiers such as George Soros and Warren Buffet. Josef Ackerman, Chief of Deutsche Bank has said a regional FTT would be manageable.
Oxfam warned extra revenue is urgently needed to fill a $65 billion hole in the budgets of low-income countries caused by falling remittances, foreign investment, export revenues and credit as a result of the economic crisis.
Many rich countries failing to meet aid commitments
Meanwhile, many European and other rich countries are failing to meet their commitment to spend 0.7 per cent of national income on overseas aid. In Germany, aid spending is less than the wages and bonuses of Deutsche Bank.
A YouGov poll for Oxfam found that more than 80 per cent of voters in Germany, France, UK, Spain, the Netherlands and Italy believe that banks have a responsibility to clear up the mess of the economic crisis they caused.
France’s four largest banks made profits of €16.6 billion in 2010, a year after the financial crisis. Just 10 per cent of this would be enough to provide free healthcare to the entire populations of Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso combined.
The total global profits and bonuses for all banks in 2011 are likely to be between $600 billion and $1 trillion (€425-700 billion).
Campaigners in about 40 countries worldwide will this week take part in a global day of action to show their support for the Robin Hood Tax.
Download the report: The Robin Hood Tax: the Time is Now
The Robin Hood Tax: Find out more and join the campaign
Notes to editors
Jon Slater, +44 1865 472249/ +44 7876 476403/ firstname.lastname@example.org