A desperate and largely unknown humanitarian crisis is deteriorating in the Lake Chad Basin region of West Africa, forcing millions of people to flee their homes and leaving millions more in need of humanitarian assistance. Oxfam is providing life-saving support but help is urgently needed to prevent the crisis turning into a catastrophe.
New military escalation in Somalia risks harming civilians and undermining efforts to recover from famine, Oxfam said, as the AU military force (AMISOM) and the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) launched a major new offensive in an area where 400,000 people are living in densely populated camps. Oxfam partners report thousands of civilians have already fled the area, known as the Afgooye Corridor, and reported more heavy fighting and displacement throughout Thursday night.
Oxfam calls on all parties to the conflict in Somalia to avoid use of excessive and indiscriminate force, respect international humanitarian law, and minimize the fallout of any military action on civilians.
The Afgooye Corridor was among the regions of Somalia affected by famine and has only recently begun to show signs of recovery. “People in Afgooye have been among the worst affected by the famine and are still extremely vulnerable. The last thing they need now is an increase in fighting that places them in the crossfire, forces them to flee their homes again and cuts them off from aid and livelihoods,” said Senait Gebregziabher, the head of Oxfam’s Somalia program.
An Oxfam partner said: “We passed thousands of people fleeing the fighting on foot. We have never seen such a massive influx of people on the move at one time. People are reporting deaths and damage to property as a result of the clashes and endless shelling. They are heading now to safer locations in Mogadishu.”
Another said: “I’ve seen hundreds of trucks, cars and donkey carts packed with mattresses and other household utensils. Some neighborhoods are completely empty.”
With key discussions on the future of AMISOM taking place next week at the UN Security Council and the London Conference on Somalia, Oxfam said the AU force, Somalia National Security Forces, allied groups, and their donors, have an obligation to ensure that every effort is made to minimize harm to civilians.
Plans to set up a civilian casualties unit for AMISOM to track, report on, and respond to casualties must be urgently implemented. Donor countries supporting AMISOM should ensure all troops receive sufficient training in International Humanitarian Law (IHL) from qualified civilian staff, and establish an independent mechanism set up to monitor IHL compliance by all parties to the conflict.
“Somalia is an incredibly challenging context, but troops must avoid any actions likely to cause civilian casualties or displacement. If the world is serious about keeping Somali civilians safe, then monitoring civilian casualties and ensuring troops and government forces are thoroughly trained in international humanitarian law must be urgently incorporated into the next AMISOM mandate,” said Gebregziabher.
Oxfam's humanitarian response to the East Africa food crisis
More on International Humanitarian Law (IHL) www.icrc.org/ihl
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Oxfam Media and Communications Officer, Horn East & Central Africa
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