In Haiti, Oxfam’s approach in 2011 has evolved in line with the shifting humanitarian situation, which has seen a steady movement of people out of temporary IDP camps and back to more permanent inner-city neighborhoods and outlying areas. Recent reports indicate that 40,000 people a month are now leaving the camps – some voluntarily and others forcibly evicted.
This means that Oxfam has had to continue to deliver emergency water, sanitation, and public health promotion work (WASH), but in a new context of working with communities and local organizations to find more permanent solutions to meet long-term needs for these services.
The other key aspect of Oxfam’s work over the last two years (and prior to the earthquake) has been to help small businesses to flourish in the city and the countryside. Oxfam refers to this area of work as ‘rebuilding livelihoods’. This can involve anything from giving a small cash grant to a poor family in an IDP camp, through to a larger investment to enable a small business to start up or to take on new employees.
In 2011, Oxfam reached 532,000 beneficiaries. Here are some of their stories.