A desperate and largely unknown humanitarian crisis is deteriorating in the Lake Chad Basin region of West Africa, forcing millions of people to flee their homes and leaving millions more in need of humanitarian assistance. Oxfam is providing life-saving support but help is urgently needed to prevent the crisis turning into a catastrophe.
On 8 November 2013, Typhoon Haiyan, one of the most powerful storms ever to strike land, hit the Philippines.
It wiped out entire villages and left 4 million people homeless. Roads, electricity and communications were cut off in a number of areas, which subsequently delayed access to many in need of help. In all, 14 million people were affected by the storm.
In the first year of our response, we have reached over 868,000 survivors in Leyte, Samar, and Cebu with both urgent and long term support.
The immediate aftermath
With your support, we responded swiftly to the crisis: our experts on the ground were deployed immediately to assess the needs of those affected. Working with local partners, we delivered safe drinking water, basic sanitation, tents and tarpaulins for emergency shelter. In the first week, we also distributed hygiene kits containing basic essentials like soap, toothbrushes, underwear and blankets, to 10,000 people.
Within the first 3 weeks, we had reached more than 90,000 people with life saving support.
What happened next
Since those terrible first weeks, we have concentrated our efforts on sustainable reconstruction: beyond emergency shelters and food distribution. Local populations need their houses and their livelihoods back: Haiyan destroyed a third of the country’s rice growing areas, 33 million coconut trees and 30,000 boats. In that catastrophic storm, farming and fishing communities lost their means to earn a living and feed themselves.
We have helped repair boats and fishing nets and set up programs to clear damaged coconut trees, process and use them for rebuilding houses. And one month after the disaster, we distributed 400 tons of rice seed, having first assisted farmers to clean their fields of debris.
Building the future
Haiyan hit the Philippines just as the Climate Conference COP21, was getting underway in Warsaw. Yeb Sano, the Philippines representative, reminded the world, in an emotional appeal, that climate change claims lives. It is affecting the poorest and most vulnerable now. We will continue to ask governments and big companies to cut emissions and help vulnerable communities to deal with changing weather.
We have been working in the Philippines for over 25 years and we will continue our work helping the most vulnerable. By helping them to get their houses and livelihoods back but also by making sure that key issues for a resilient future are addressed.
When Typhoon Haiyan hit, one-third of Tacloban’s homes had wooden exterior walls, and one in seven homes had grass roofs. Sixty percent of small-scale coconut farmers lived in poverty before the typhoon. The record-breaking strength of Typhoon Haiyan was a major factor in the devastation that resulted, but poverty and inequality were the underlying causes of vulnerability for the majority of the displaced.
Resilient rebuilding must include plans to tackle inequalities and adapt to the impacts of climate change. We will stand beside the poorest communities and give them a voice in civil society.
Haiyan up close
Gistado Gallaron, a rice farmer who lives with his wife Michelle and their three children, Neil (14), Niki (12) and Nico (4) near Tanauan, in the Eastern Visayas region of the Philippines tells his story:
“I love it here because this is where I get the income to support my family. Before Yolanda (Haiyan’s local name), this place was beautiful. There were many trees here and the coconut trees bore plenty of fruit. We harvested a lot of rice. “
“After Yolanda it was a total mess. Coconut trees were felled. Our rice was destroyed by floods. I lost my water buffalo, which I used to plough my land. The thought of having no livelihood was devastating for us. And of course, our house was totally destroyed, we had nowhere to go, we had nowhere to sleep.”
“ Oxfam gave us chainsaws, which we used to cut and slice the coconut lumber. I also worked in one of Oxfam’s cash-for-work programs, which gave me an extra income. I received three sacks of rice seed from Oxfam. The rice from this seed would have sustained us for five months. If all the rice could have been harvested, we would have had 100 sacks of rice.”
“But we had some heavy rains after that, and our rice fields were flooded. Some of my rice seed was washed away. My colleagues and I here are helping each other to rebuild; to restart our lives. I am very much grateful to Oxfam for helping us. In one year, Oxfam will still be here and you will see an improvement because of the help you have given us. You will see incomes rising and our rice fields will not be empty and destroyed. But we are worried that something like Yolanda might happen again. I have to plant my rice again. I need to feed my children. I am working very hard, because I do hope that all of my children will finish their studies and have a better life.”
Read our reports, research and policy papers on Haiyan