A desperate and largely unknown humanitarian crisis is deteriorating in the Lake Chad Basin region of West Africa, forcing millions of people to flee their homes and leaving millions more in need of humanitarian assistance. Oxfam is providing life-saving support but help is urgently needed to prevent the crisis turning into a catastrophe.
International agency Oxfam today said it is increasing its emergency response in Somalia, providing water, shelter and other aid to thousands fleeing deadly new violence in the country’s capital.
“War, drought and malnutrition are thrusting Somalia towards even greater catastrophe. Tens of thousands are on the move, hundreds of thousands are displaced and more than three million are in dire need of aid,” said Hassan Noor, Oxfam's Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, just returned from Afgooye a few miles south of the capital Mogadishu. Many of the 70,000 people who have fled Mogadishu in the past few weeks are now sheltering in Afgooye.
Some 400,000 people made homeless by years of conflict are now taking refuge in Afgooye. Working through local partners, Oxfam is providing shelter and mosquito nets to families who have arrived there in recent days, and has expanded its water and sanitation system to aid an additional 84,000 displaced people. Oxfam is now supplying water to over 200,000 people in Afgooye and plans to increase its efforts further in the coming months. The agency’s local partner organisations will also soon begin providing specialist care and food to 9,500 of the most severely malnourished children and mothers in Mogadishu itself.
Hassan Noor said:
“Living conditions in Afgooye are some of the worst I have ever seen. I couldn’t see a single shelter fit for human beings, and thousands of people have nothing to sleep under or protect them from the searing heat and heavy rains. I saw sick children lying on the floor with diarrhoea and disease. I saw a young girl who had been shot in the head, fleeing with her family. People told me they expect the situation to get even worse in the next few weeks – more people are going to be killed or forced to flee for their lives, and the humanitarian need here is going to keep rising.”
Hassan Noor continued:
“Local Somali aid workers, who are working tirelessly to get help to thousands of people, need support from the rest of the world. The recent fighting has made the humanitarian crisis in Somalia even worse, at a time when nearly half the country’s population is already in desperate need of aid. Families are struggling to cope with a lack of food and basic services, and the worst drought Somalia has seen in more than a decade.”
Oxfam warned that if the new fighting continues, it will become even more difficult for aid agencies to respond to the enormous needs. Somalia is already one of the most dangerous places in the world in which to deliver humanitarian assistance, with 40 aid workers killed since the beginning of 2008. The agency called on all parties to the conflict to comply with international humanitarian law and allow aid to be safely provided to all who need it.
Notes to editors
Oxfam this week flew nine tons of aid into Mogadishu, consisting of blankets, mosquito nets, plastic sheeting for shelter, 3,500 buckets for storing and carrying clean water, and medical aid including syringes and antibiotics. Further deliveries will be made over the coming weeks.