A desperate and largely unknown humanitarian crisis is deteriorating in the Lake Chad Basin region of West Africa, forcing millions of people to flee their homes and leaving millions more in need of humanitarian assistance. Oxfam is providing life-saving support but help is urgently needed to prevent the crisis turning into a catastrophe.
More than 2 million Afghans are at risk of hunger and many are bracing to be stranded for months without help as the country prepares for a harsh winter, Save the Children and Oxfam warned today.
The agencies called for a redoubling of the aid effort to reach people in need before the onset of heavy snows cut off huge swathes of the country.
Poor rains earlier this year mean families in the 14 drought-affected provinces have not been able to grow enough wheat to feed themselves over the winter.
According to a UN assessment, in some provinces almost 100 per cent of the harvest has been destroyed, and food prices have soared, with the price of wheat in some areas doubling on average since this time last year.
Typical Afghan weather patterns mean that those living in mountainous areas- up to half of the affected population –will almost certainly soon be cut off from help as winter closes in.
Families are coping by cutting down their meals, borrowing money and even moving to Iran or Pakistan. Some 90 per cent of households in the affected area are now living in debt after borrowing money to buy food, and schools have closed as children are being put out to work.
Risk of disease and malnutrition
The agencies said that food, clean water and extra healthcare made available in the next few weeks will be critical as families face the risk of rising rates of disease and malnutrition that will hit the poorest and most vulnerable hardest.
Delivering this aid has been made difficult as snow begins to fall in parts of Afghanistan, complicating access to areas hit hardest by drought, and the agencies fear that as winter sets in over the next few weeks, the number of people at risk will increase dramatically.
David Skinner, Save the Children’s Afghanistan country director said: “Families are facing being cut off for winter without enough food and clean water. We know children are going hungry, and with malnutrition levels already high in Afghanistan, unless aid efforts are ramped up, children could die because they do not get enough to eat.”
Oxfam’s country director Manohar Shenoy said: “Time is running out to be able to provide communities with the help they most desperately need before a harsh winter makes many areas inaccessible. Snow is already falling and many mountainous areas are likely to be cut off within weeks. Villagers who are used to hardship are telling us that this year the drought has destroyed everything. Their food stocks are already low, and they are worried about how they will get through the coming months.”
The aid agencies have responded to the drought with cash for work projects for those affected, and are stockpiling aid in preparation for a deterioration in the humanitarian situation, as well as working to help people in Afghanistan better prepare for future droughts and other emergencies.
Notes to editors
The drought is affecting 14 out of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces, mainly in the north, north eastern and western parts of the country.
At Oxfam, Ian Bray, email@example.com, +44 1865 472 289 or +44 7721 461 339.
At Save the Children, Andrew Wander, firstname.lastname@example.org, +44 207 324 4959 or +44 7827 369 757.