South Sudan's civilians urgently need peace but talks face further delay

Delaying peace may have serious consequences for South Sudanese civilians who are enduring their twentieth month of a brutal civil war, aid agencies Oxfam, CARE and IRC warn today. 

The people of South Sudan need and deserve an immediate cessation of hostilities and lasting peace for any hope of sustainable development for the country. 

Rama Anthony, acting Country Director for Oxfam in South Sudan said: 

“With 4.6 million people estimated to be severely hungry, civilians have been the worst affected by the delay to find an agreement. There needs to be an urgent agreement that ends the cycle of violence for the South Sudanese, who have been forced to endure terrible suffering for 20 months. Many families can no longer afford basic items such as food and clean water. Consequently, malnutrition has become severe and dirty drinking water has exposed people to deadly diseases such as cholera. 

“The ever worsening conflict is making it difficult for people to reach life saving assistance because they are forced to hide for their own safety. Despite massive needs, the UN appeal for South Sudan is only half funded, and humanitarians are struggling to provide much needed assistance,” Mr. Anthony said. 

Simon Chol Mialith, CARE South Sudan’s Conflict Mitigation and Peace Building Advisor said:

“This conflict has brought unimaginable destruction to the people of South Sudan. Without peace, there will only be more fighting, more death, and more displacement. As a nation we are only four years old. I can only pray we will make it to five.” 

Women and girls have been some of the worst affected by the conflict in South Sudan. The continued failure to reach a peace deal means that women and girls will face further threats, including gender-based violence. With increased trauma and further disruption to their lives, the disadvantages they already face are being seriously exacerbated.   

Ronald-Paul Veilleux, Country Director for IRC in South Sudan said: 

“Women and girls are the backbone of society in South Sudan. A determined attempt at resolving the conflict is an investment in their future and the future of the nation.”   

CARE, IRC and Oxfam strongly urge that: 

·Most urgently, any peace agreement must give priority to the needs of the civilian population, including a halt to hostilities and steps towards a sustainable political solution to the conflict.

·Donors need to continue to commit funding for the humanitarian assistance that is urgently required to avert the worst impact of ongoing fighting and the ever-worsening economic crisis. 

·Donors should maintain longer-term, people-to-people support to protect hard-won gains, and to ensure that civilians in less conflict-affected areas can access basic services and avoid slipping into a deeper humanitarian crisis. 

·Donors and diplomatic actors should support reconciliation initiatives at every level of society in South Sudan including support for a grassroots approach for an inclusive peace process.

·International and regional diplomatic actors should use all their influence to pressure the parties to ensure the protection of civilians, guarantee humanitarian access, and find a political solution to the conflict. 

Notes to editors


·Over 2 million people have been forced from their homes, 4.6 million are severely hungry and thousands of South Sudanese subject to violence. 

·The crisis is worsened by the periodic obstruction of aid due to conflict and the prevention of vital delivery routes such as the recent suspension of food aid barges on the Nile River, halting aid to hundreds of thousands of South Sudanese living in the most conflict affected regions.

·Almost 200,000 people have fled their homes for refuge in UN Protection of Civilian sites (PoCs), with more people flooding the sites daily.

·An additional 1.4 million have been forced from their homes and are living outside the PoCs. Many are not able to access necessary aid and essential services.   

·Over 746,000 South Sudanese are living in refugee camps in Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya and Uganda – the vast majority of these individuals have fled since the start of fighting in December 2013. 

·4.6 million South Sudanese - 41% of the total population - are estimated to be severely food insecure according to the most recent Integrated Phase Classification report (IPC) on the food security situation.

About Oxfam: 
Oxfam has a dedicated team working across South Sudan to rebuild livelihoods, provide humanitarian assistance and promote active citizenship. We focus on providing clean water, public health and livelihoods support, and we work with partners on peace building and governance issues. Since December 2013 to date, we have supported over 690,000 people in South Sudan with humanitarian assistance and over 350,000 with long term development and support. 

About CARE: 
Founded in 1945, CARE is a leading humanitarian organization fighting global poverty. CARE has more than six decades of experience helping people prepare for disasters, providing lifesaving assistance when a crisis hits, and helping communities recover after the emergency has passed. CARE places special focus on women and children, who are often disproportionately affected by disasters. We have reached more than 650,000 South Sudanese since the start of the conflict in December 2013. To learn more, visit www.care-international.org

About IRC:
The International Rescue Committee (IRC) helps people whose lives and livelihoods are shattered by conflict and disaster to survive, recover, and gain control of their future. IRC teams provide health care, infrastructure, learning and economic support to people in 40 countries, with special programs designed for women and children. Every year, the IRC resettles thousands of refugees in 22 U.S. cities. Learn more at Rescue.org and follow on Twitter & Facebook

Contact information

Oxfam in Juba: Faith Kasina +211 (0) 955 477 540 or fkasina@oxfam.org.uk 
CARE in Juba: Sally Cooper +211 (0) 955 199 374 or sally.cooper@care.org 
IRC in Juba: Kimberly Bennett +211 (0) 955 268 434 or kimberly.bennett@rescue.org 

For updates, please follow @Oxfam.