Existing measures to promote peace in Afghanistan are not succeeding. With land, water and family disagreements as the major causes of local insecurity, peace work at a community level is an essential part of a wider strategy to secure a lasting national peace. Peace work at a community level strengthens community cohesion, reduces violence, and enhances resistance to militants. It is an essential and complementary part of a wider strategy to secure a lasting national peace. This report calls for a new approach to bringing peace to Afghanistan.