Since the start of the conflict in Sudan’s western Darfur in 2003, more than 3 million people have been forced to flee their homes and seek shelter in camps and hosting communities. While the security situation has improved in most parts of Darfur, still millions of displaced people need humanitarian assistance.
Oxfam’s Vision in Sudan
Our overarching vision for Sudan is a nation free of conflict where people have equal access to resources, participate actively in decision making, and governance structures are responsive to people’s needs.
Since 2003, we are working in three states in the Darfur region (North, South, and East Darfur) with partners and displaced communities to respond to urgent needs (access to clean water, sanitation, nutrition and protection) while also contributing to longer-term solutions.
Oxfam’s humanitarian work
Our emergency response has focused on providing clean water and sanitation facilities, as well as sharing information about health and hygiene to more than 350,000 displaced people in Darfur. Besides, we are now assisting around 7000 refugees from South Sudan in East Darfur state.
- Granting access to clean water: We are supporting displaced people in rural areas and camps by trucking water, constructing boreholes and training local committees on managing all water facilities.
- Sanitation and hygiene promotion: Improving access to sanitation services is essential to prevent waterborne diseases. Our sanitation and public health staff are ensuring that residents have latrines, bathing areas, soap, water cans, and access to the information they need to stay healthy under challenging conditions. We trained health promoters in their communities to show hygiene best practices, organize campaigns and distribute kits.
We carried out the Community Approach to Total Sanitation (CATS) project, focused on ending open defecation. More than 30 villages are now declared Open Defecation Free (ODF). We are also building latrines in schools in rural villages.
We are building the capacity of vulnerable women and men to assert their rights and improve their well-being despite shocks, stresses and uncertainties.
- Agriculture: We are working with local partners in North and South Darfur to train farmers and pastoralist communities. Since 2016, Oxfam distributed certified seeds and tools for more than 1000 farmers who were affected by El Niño, and carrying out vaccination campaigns for livestock.
- Nutrition: We are working to improve nutritional knowledge and hygiene practices through a grassroots network of women, with a special focus on protecting the health of children under five and pregnant and nursing mothers. The program trained more than 600 mothers in different communities, who received tools and seeds to be able to grow their own gardens and teach others.
Saving for change
We are supporting women in rural areas to improve their household income by offering small loans through community-based saving groups. Oxfam and local partners trained women on the value of saving, how to invest in small businesses and increase their financial security. Since 2016, Oxfam and local partners have supported the formation of more than 600 groups.
Disaster Risk Reduction
We are improving the traditional early warning systems by training local groups on how to use the available information with the aim of reducing natural and human-made hazards. In 2018, Oxfam established more effective early warning mechanisms that connect the community-level early warning mechanisms with those managed at regional and national levels.