Tajikistan remains to be the poorest country in Central Asia and among post-Soviet states, with 40 per cent of the population living below the poverty line.
Tajikistan is the poorest of the former Soviet Republics. Since 1991, Tajikistan has faced a variety of development challenges precipitated by the collapse of the Soviet Union and the ensuing civil war from 1992 to 1997. Majority of Oxfam's beneficiaries in Tajikistan are smallholder farmers, predominantly women, due to high male migration.
Oxfam in Tajikistan
Oxfam started working in Tajikistan in 2001. Our work in the country is concentrated in rural areas in the northern and southern regions, where migration rates are high, and where farming is the main source of employment. We also operate at national and local levels, working with a number of local NGOs, and various government ministries and departments of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
Our WASH program in Tajikistan provides systematized safe drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene to communities. We directly engage with water consumers, and include them in decision making, by providing platforms for dialogues with service providers and policy makers.
Our projects highlight the importance of engaging with communities when it comes to providing quality WASH services. We are guided by the principle of good governance through Water Trust Funds (WTFs) and Community Advisory Boards (CABs), that are formed by local beneficiaries, authorities and professional institutions.
We create an enabling environment for all women and girls in Tajikistan. We work towards gender transformation, by building personal and professional capacities of women within communities. Our Transforming Care Work in Tajik Rural Communities project builds women leadership groups, that engage rural women through regular gender capacity building activities. The project is aimed towards making Tajik women economically independent and capable of making important life decisions.
We work to improve the livelihoods of vulnerable communities in Tajikistan’s poorest regions. Through the years, we have moved from being a humanitarian aid organisation to an organisation that seeks to increase livelihoods, through developing gender-focused small and medium enterprises (SMEs). We empower and enable small-scale food producers – as well as low-income consumers – by improving access and sustainability of local markets.
Disaster Risk Reduction Management
We work with communities that are economically and socially vulnerable, with little capacity to respond to and prepare for the impact of natural hazards. Our work includes building resilience amongst rural communities residing in exposed recurrent disaster risk areas in Tajikistan. We help enhance role and response of local government agencies at all levels. Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) is mainstreamed in our WASH and Economic Justice works. Our projects aim to influence national policies by advocating for sustainable, practical DRR methods and technologies.