Indonesia is the most populous country in Southeast Asia and the fourth most populated country in the world behind China, India, and the United States. Indonesia’s total population based on data from the Indonesia statistical bureau is 254 million, of which 60% is concentrated in Java and Sumatera. Poverty, inequality, and vulnerability remain real challenges for the development of Indonesia.
Indonesia in Context
Out of a population of 254 million, more than 30 million Indonesians currently live below the poverty line on less than $1 a day. For the past 10 years, poverty reduction has been considered a priority issue in Indonesia’s development policies. Nonetheless, Indonesia is becoming more unequal.
The unique geography of Indonesia’s 17,000 islands, over 80,000 kilometers of coast, and location on the Pacific Ring of Fire with 129 active volcanoes, makes the country highly vulnerable to sea-level rise, natural disasters, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions. Flooding has the largest impact on people’s livelihoods, while earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions remain a constant threat.
Oxfam in Indonesia
Since 1957, Oxfam has been supporting local and national partners in many parts of the country to realize our shared vision: to ensure women’s rights to a sustainable livelihood, to be heard and to have access to basic social services, are respected, in particular during shocks or disasters. We are presently implementing a wide range of sustainable development and disaster preparedness initiatives in eight provinces. Our principal Government partner is the Ministry of Social Affairs. We are supporting the Government of Indonesia, civil society, and local communities across three main issues:
- Gender justice – Oxfam believes that women and girls must participate equally in all economic, social, political and cultural aspects of their lives, having leadership roles, accessing resources and services, and participating in decisions that affect their lives. Gender justice creates better lives for women and girls because their rights are protected and they have greater control over their bodies and their lives.
- Economic justice – Oxfam is working to promote women’s economic leadership and empowerment and capacity building for our partners and networks. We forge alliances to increase their influence in the national, regional and global debate on food and climate change, land rights, and sustainable & inclusive development. Furthermore we are endeavoring to be a knowledge hub for issues related to rural transformation (land rights, food security and climate change adaptation).
- Rights in crisis - Oxfam’s disaster preparedness, response and resilience building work contributes to saving lives and relieving suffering now and in the future.