Since January 2015 more than 1 million women and men fleeing war, persecution, natural disasters and poverty entered or passed through Greece in search of safety and a better life in Europe.
During the latter part of 2015 and early 2016, selective and arbitrary admissions policies were put in place by European countries such as the closure of their borders and the EU – Turkey deal that aims to return to Turkey people seeking safety in Europe. According to the Greek Government, there are approximately 63,000 people currently stuck in Greece as a result. Around 43,000 of them are on Greece’s mainland living in tents or containers, formerly abandoned buildings, hotels, as well as in UNHCR’s ‘relocation scheme housing’, and around 15,000 are restricted to the Greek islands, which have a capacity for 8,500 people only.
Substandard living conditions and lack of adequate food, medical care and information have heightened people's anxiety, depression and uncertainty. With little information about their rights, legal options, and how long it will take for them to be able to benefit from asylum or other legal options for being relocated or reaching family elsewhere in the European Union, many people turn to smugglers to move north.
Children from Syria draw nice, colorful pictures and spend their time creatively in the Child Friendly Spaces created by Oxfam and Arsis and funded by ECHO, in Konitsa site- Epirus, Greece. Photo: Oxfam
We started our operations in Greece in October 2015 as the humanitarian situation for people arriving irregularly from Turkey rapidly worsened, providing clean water, sanitation, food and non-food items. We currently have offices in Athens, Lesbos and the Epirus region of North-West Greece. Here's an overview of our program work since we started our operations:
Lesbos: Between October 2015 and July 2016, we responded to the urgent needs of people arriving by sea in both the Moria and Kara Tepe reception centers, by providing food and essential non-food items and building toilet and shower facilities to ensure safe and dignified access to water, sanitation and hygiene for women and men.
Epirus: We are currently working in 17 sites in the northwestern region of Greece where we provide safe and friendly spaces to girls and children, psychosocial support, information and legal support so people can understand the legal options available to them, including asylum. In the sites, we are also building and maintaining toilet and shower facilities (WASH) and improving infrastructure for the winter.
We are also adapting our protection response to an urban setting as people are moved from inadequate sites into dignified accommodation. Additionally, we are providing food until beneficiaries can get their basic needs covered through cash programming (pre-paid cards); and distributing essential non-food items like hygiene kits, blankets, carpets, clothing, and shoes.
Athens: Our advocacy, influencing, and coordination team is working in the capital to address concerns around protection issues and provision of safe and dignified living conditions. We are campaigning with local and European organizations to raise the voices of migrants and refugees so that European leaders act to protect and uphold their rights.
Read our recent blog posts:
Oxfam's campaigning work
We are calling on:
- The EU and its member states must manage migration in a way that upholds rights and ensures the safety and dignity of women, men and children throughout the reception and legal processes.
- The EU and Greek Government must improve registration and asylum processes so they are fair, efficient, and transparent; ensure people can quickly access information about registration and asylum procedures, the legal options available to them including family reunification, relocation, and return; receive clear information about their rights; access free legal aid and interpretation; and guarantee that refugee status is quickly determined.
- Women, men, girls, and boys need to be hosted in appropriate, dignified and safe “out-of-site” accommodation. Tented sites and containers should be just a very short-term solution.
- The Greek authorities must ensure that all reception centers on the Greek islands are open sites. Detention should be only limited to cases that are justified on an individual basis and as provided for in law.
We work with others as part of our humanitarian responses and are keen to learn from and support the work of Greek NGOs, such as Arsis, the Greek Council for Refugees, the Greek Section of Amnesty International and Action Aid. Where possible, we are open to working with local partners, volunteer groups and others to ensure that the humanitarian response in Greece meets the needs of migrants and the host communities alike.
Along with 14 NGOs, Oxfam expresses deep concern about a change in availability of the IOMs Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration program for asylum seekers on the Greek islands and the impact it has on the right to appeal and the decision to return home free of duress. Read our full statement.
We urgently need your help to reach more families around the world who have been forced to flee their homes. From people escaping conflict in Syria to those making treacherous journeys to Europe, stranded in inadequate conditions in Greece and arriving with nothing, help give life-saving support to refugees in the countries that need it most. Any donation amount in the currency of your choice will help us to respond to those in desperate need.
Funding: Oxfam’s program is funded by the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO) as well as members of the public from around the world.