A desperate and largely unknown humanitarian crisis is deteriorating in the Lake Chad Basin region of West Africa, forcing millions of people to flee their homes and leaving millions more in need of humanitarian assistance. Oxfam is providing life-saving support but help is urgently needed to prevent the crisis turning into a catastrophe.
Despite an abundance of natural resources, especially oil and uranium, Chad continues to occupy one of the lowest positions in the classification of countries created by the United Nations, according to the Human Development Index (HDI). Around 60% of the population of Chad (estimated at 10 million) live on less than one dollar a day.
This contradiction between the significant availability of natural resources and the persistence of high levels of poverty among the population is the reason why civil society in Chad is making efforts to demand and achieve a fair division of the profits from extractive industries.
In addition, Chad is a country in conflict. This conflict, which displays internal dynamics as well as regional ones with Sudan and the Central African Republic, represents a serious threat to the life, security and livelihoods of the population, especially in the east of the country.
Oxfam in Chad
We have been collaborating with civil society organizations in Chad since 1966, to achieve the following objectives:
- Increase the income of the farmers in the south of the country, especially in the regions of Eastern Logone, Western Logone and Mandoul, by improving the production, processing and marketing of cereals, peanuts and cotton.
- Increase the capacity of the communities in the regions of Kanem, Guéra, Batha and Ouadai (Sahel belt) to avoid and/or address the consequences of droughts and floods (climate change) on their livelihoods.
- Increase the capacity of the population to demand greater transparency from the government of Chad with regard to the production and use of resources from extractive industries, especially oil.
- Contribute to the building and strengthening of civil society, particularly in the countryside, in order to increase its capacity to influence local and regional development policies.
- Provide water and sanitation to people housed in refugee camps and those displaced internally in the east of Chad; to take steps to ensure their right to security and to make their own decisions on where to settle. To provide help with food security and/or water and sanitation to cope with current or future crises (such as droughts, floods, cholera).
In Chad Oxfam focus is cash distribution, providing tarpaulins for shelter, and supply of clean water to help prevent the spread of diseases.