Women farmers play a central role in small-scale agriculture. But they are held back by barriers that prevent them from feeding their families and reinvesting in their livelihoods. A real support would protect their rights, boost their productivity and unleash their potential to fight hunger, poverty and climate change.
In Rwanda, 45% of people live in poverty and rely on small-scale farming. There is no gas or electricity so women and their children spend hours every day collecting water and firewood, which traps them in a cycle of poverty. We contributed to a biogas digester project that is changing many families' lives and contributes to reduce inequality for women. Find out how.
The global economy is broken. 8 billionaires own the same wealth as half the world’s population. Meanwhile, every day 1 in 9 people go to bed hungry. It doesn’t have to be this way. We can choose another future. Join us and demand an economy that works for everyone and not just the few. Share this video and sign the petition.
Andrew, once an industrious farmer from Pulka, Borno Estate, in Nigeria, found his life turned upside down when he was caught up in the conflict with Boko Haram and other armed groups in 2012. He and his family are becoming resilient and have learned to adapt to the challenges thanks to an "Unconditional Cash Program" supported by Oxfam.
Millions of people are being forced from their homes, risking everything to escape conflict, disaster, poverty or hunger. From those fleeing the war in Syria or climate change-induced droughts, to those stranded in inadequate conditions in Europe, you can help us give life-saving support to refugees in the countries where they need it most.
With no end in sight to the conflict in Syria, hundreds of thousands of people are living in desperate conditions and exposed to continuing violence. Today, half the pre-conflict population of 22 million Syrians have fled their homes and more than 13 million people urgently need your help.
Timeline: the humanitarian impact of the Gaza blockade
2017 marks 50 years since the occupation of the Palestinian Territory and 10 years of the Gaza blockade. Both the occupation and the blockade affect every aspect of life for Palestinians – they dictate where they can live and study, and whom they can marry.
The blockade has devastated Gaza’s economy, caused widespread destruction and left most people largely cut off from the outside world. Today, 80 percent of its population relies on international humanitarian aid to survive.
How has the blockade been affecting Palestinians everyday's life? Check the timeline:
The blockade is still in place
In April, electricity supply is reduced from 8 to 4 hours per day, with a reduction to 2 hours threatened as of today
96% water undrinkable
Less than 16% of items needed to construct vital water infrastructure are reaching Gaza
Now less than four percent of fresh water is drinkable and the surrounding sea is polluted by sewage. Yet the international community is failing to do enough to protect the health and dignity of almost 2 million people who have nowhere else to go.
“Our water is salty as if you are drinking from the sea,” says 50-year old Um Amir, a mother of 11 whose home accommodates an extended family of 20. Photo credit: Oxfam
42% Unemployment rate, one of the highest in the world
Business and livelihoods grind to a halt in Gaza
For Anwar, a carpenter, it means his business is on the brink of collapse. “My customers are just three per cent of what I used to have, and the raw materials I can buy have increased in price by 380 per cent. Twenty people live in my house, and they all depend on this workshop. Many of my customers can’t afford to pay me, and I then can’t pay my bills.”
“This blockade is my greatest concern. If there are no jobs for people here, there is no work for me.” Photo credit: Sami Alhaw/Oxfam
Life under siege: Tenth year of the Gaza blockade
Gaza is entering its 10th year of blockade. It has crippled its economic growth and the freedom of 1.8 million Palestinians living in the Strip. 80 per cent of the population rely on international humanitarian aid to survive.
Oxfam calls on all parties to the conflict to not allow another escalation in violence, to agree to a lasting ceasefire and an urgent end to the blockade.
Entry of cement suspended for several weeks (only 44% of cement needed for reconstruction reached Gaza)
Fishing zone expanded for several weeks (within only 6 nautical miles)
47% of Gaza’s population don’t have enough food
Oxfam delivers food vouchers
Oxfam, in partnership with the World Food Program, helps more than 71,000 people to access basic food items through an electronic voucher system. Oxfam also supports farmers and food processing enterprises through economic development projects.
“I totally depend on the electronic vouchers throughout the year, but especially during Ramadan. It allows me to purchase dairy, oils, legumes and many other important food items,” Mnwar says.“This voucher brings life to my family. In the holy month of Ramadan, I pray for all who are supporting us.” Photo credit: Riham Ghazali
Entry of building materials for reconstruction begins
More than three months since the ceasefire, the situation in Gaza remains desperate. Around 100,000 people - more than half of them children - are still displaced as their homes have been destroyed. Photo credit: Anas al Baba/Oxfam
Kerem Shalom crossing expanded, exports and imports restricted
Violent clashes near the fence
Up to 12-18 hours of electricity cuts every day
A lingering power crisis
Gaza’s electricity crisis worsened in 2014 after the major power plant was destroyed in the war. The crisis was tragically highlighted in 2016 when three small children were killed after the candle they were using set their bedroom alight.
“We have to use candles during electricity outages; we can’t afford to buy a battery. Recently my son lit a candle and left it burning,” mother of six Abeer Al Sawi said from her home in Sarwarka, one of the poorest neighborhoods in Gaza city. “Thank God I found it during the night.” Photo credit: Sami Alhaw/Oxfam
Egypt closes Rafah Crossing to movement of people, with exceptions
Escalation in hostilities: Operation “Protective Edge”
Palestinian kid, Sehed Saad Abu Hasna wounded by Israeli strikes on a refugee camp in Jebalia, taken to Kamal Adwan hospital in Beit Lahia, Gaza on July 30, 2014. Photo credit: Mustafa Hassona/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images
An entire generation of children in Gaza is growing up like Sehed - knowing little but airstrikes and destruction. The UN estimates that at least 360,000 children in Gaza will need psychosocial support to try and overcome the trauma.
Transfer of goods from Gaza to West Bank resumes
Egypt closes Rafah Crossing to entry of commercial goods
Egypt launches military campaign to destroy tunnels
Escalation in hostilities: Operation “Pillar of Defence”
Fishing areas extended to 6 Nautical Miles, larger amounts of fish are found beyond 9 NM
Fishing under fire in Gaza
Since Israel imposed a blockade of Gaza in 2007 fishermen have only been allowed to fish just six nautical miles or less off shore. With most of the fish at least nine miles out at sea, they have already been struggling to make a living and now 90 percent of them need international aid. Oxfam worked to support fishermen with equipment and technical advice. Photo credit: David Levene/Oxfam
Israel closes Sufa Crossing
Israel closes Karni conveyor belt
Adnan "We are a family of 10 living in Gaza Strip. Our house was surrounded by Israeli tanks and soldiers during the 2008-2009 military operation and we had to flee.
I don’t have a job now. I used to work in Israel until 2003, when all Palestinian workers from Gaza were no longer allowed to enter Israel. In those days we used to live a good life. I had a good salary, I could build our house and set up my own family, but everything changed overnight. We had never thought we’d end up depending on humanitarian aid." Photo credit: Karl Schembri/Oxfam
Egypt reopens Rafah Crossing
Israel eases import restrictions
Israel intercepts flotilla headed to Gaza from Turkey
Israel closes Nahal Oz Crossing
Access to areas closer than 300m from the fence is prohibited (35% of farming land is located within the Access Restricted Area)
In Gaza, Israel’s occupation includes a 10-year land, air and sea blockade that has trapped almost two million people inside the 60-kilometre wall, isolating and depriving them of their rights.
“Because of the wall, there is no freedom at all, no liberty. Live has completely changed from what it was before. There is no peace of mind at all. I only think about keeping my children safe and out of harm’s way”, says widow and mother-of-seven Um Fadi. Photo credit: Simon Trépanier/Oxfam
Escalation in hostilities: Operation “Cast Lead”
Fishing activities beyond 3NM prohibited
"My boat and nets were completely burnt. To make things worse, it was a new boat and I haven't paid the loan for it yet. It cost me around $10,000," say Sabri. "I’ ve been working as a fisherman for ever. Fishing is the only thing I know in life and it's been the sole source of income for me and the 16 members of my extended family." Photo credit: Oxfam
Israel closes Karni Crossing except for a conveyer belt
Hamas takes over Gaza and Israel imposes a blockade
Israel’s blockade of Gaza keeps people poor and denies them their rights. We are calling on all parties to the conflict to not allow another escalation in violence, to agree to a lasting ceasefire and an urgent end to the blockade.