labour rights

labour rights

Northern Ghana has poverty levels two to three times higher than the national average. The region is covered by dry savannah land and lacks key infrastructure such as roads and markets. Photo: Adam Patterson/Oxfam

West Africa: extreme inequality in numbers

Despite an impressive economic growth, inequality has reached extreme levels in the West Africa region. The rich have grown richer while the poor have become even poorer. Yet the West African governments are the least committed to reducing inequality of any on the continent. Find out more and take action.

The West Africa inequality crisis

Oxfam’s Commitment to Reducing Inequality (CRI) Index shows that governments in West Africa are the least committed to reducing inequality of any on the continent. If they do not radically increase their commitment to reducing inequality, the crisis is likely to worsen.
Cerignola (Foggia, Apulia region, Southern Italy), African immigrants working in the tomato fields ©Dino Fracchia/Alamy Stock Photo

The people behind the prices

This focused Human Rights Impact Assessment (HRIA) of SOK Corporation's Italian processed tomato supply chains is a pilot for the company's new approach to assessing human rights impacts in high risk supply chains that goes ‘beyond audits’.
The financial district of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Despite economic growth, almost 40 million people in Bangladesh still live below the national poverty line. Photo: GMB Akrash/Oxfam

The Commitment to Reducing Inequality Index 2018

In 2015, the leaders of 193 governments promised to reduce inequality under Goal 10 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This second edition of the Commitment to Reducing Inequality (CRI) Index is based on a new database of indicators, now covering 157 countries, which measures government action on social spending, tax and labour rights – three areas found to be critical to reducing the inequality gap.

Great expectations: is the IMF turning words into action on inequality?

What is the IMF doing in practice to tackle inequality? Its main initiative has been a series of pilots that integrate inequality analysis into its economic surveillance of countries. This paper outlines Oxfam’s evaluation of these pilots and finds that they are not promoting policies that reduce inequality.

A computer classroom in Oneputa Combined School, northern Namibia. The Namibian government is committed to reducing inequality and secondary education is free for all students. Photo: John Hogg/World Bank

The Commitment to Reducing Inequality Index

Development Finance International and Oxfam have produced the first index to measure the commitment of governments to reducing the gap between the rich and the poor.  

A young street vendor selling candy in Lagos, Nigeria. Photo: Mies van der Putte/Oxfam

Nigeria: extreme inequality in numbers

Economic inequality in Nigeria has reached extreme levels, despite being the largest economy in Africa. The country has an expanding economy with abundant human capital and the economic potential to lift millions out of poverty.  What makes Nigeria so unequal and how big is this inequality gap? Find it out and take action.

Canal Doi - Canal Te, District 8, Ho Chi Minh city. Photo: Adam Patterson

Even It Up: how to tackle inequality in Vietnam

Vietnam has a strong record of poverty reduction, but today, increasing inequality is threatening decades of progress. To tackle the dangerous gap between rich and poor, Vietnam should urgently implement progressive policies on governance, taxation, public spending, public services, labour rights, and civic engagement.

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